Nutrition; the Building Blocks of Health
Proper nutrition is important for all children to help them grow and develop, both physically and mentally. It stands to reason that the brain benefits from the best possible nutrition as much as the body, and the evidence-base in this area is growing. Many vitamins and minerals support brain health including magnesium, zinc, B vitamins, calcium and iron, some of which are often found to be low in tests.
Key Nutrients for Brain Health
Magnesium, in particular, supports improved focus and concentration, and supports calm and sleep. Vitamin D is a key brain nutrient and deficiency is very common in the UK. Most children would benefit from vitamin D supplementation especially those with learning, behavioural or developmental differences. Colourful plant-based foods contain a range of special nutrients known as phytonutrients which also support brain health. Omega-3 essential fats have a very important role in optimising brain function. Blood tests reveal that most children with learning, behavioural or developmental differences have low or sub-optimal levels of these important fats. These fats are found in oily fish and fish oil supplements. Specific amino acids from protein-rich foods are involved in neurotransmitter production which can have a range of effects including balanced mood, better concentration, reduced anxiety and improved sleep.
Sugar; the Brain’s Enemy
Sugar is, quite simply, bad for the brain. Most children, including those on quite ordinary diets, take in excessive sugar and refined carbohydrates which adversely affect their health including behaviour, concentration and sleep. Many sources of sugar are ‘hidden’ in foods which are marketed as ‘healthy’ or ‘low fat’, making this a minefield for parents. In fact, fat is an essential nutrient for the growing child’s brain.
The Gut Brain
Food sensitivities may contribute to symptoms too. It is best to work with a nutritional therapist to identify which foods or food additives are affecting your child before making major changes or cutting out whole food groups. The bacteria in your child’s gut (‘gut flora’) can have a significant impact on brain function too. Assessing the mix of gut flora and improving the balance can affect learning, behaviour, mood, development and supports physical health and immunity. Gut flora balance is heavily influenced by diet (the bacteria live off the food that your child eats), so whilst probiotic (good bacteria) supplementation can be very helpful, it is dietary change which is required over the long term.
The Importance of Working with a Nutritional Therapist
Nutritional therapy works well alongside other therapies including medication and other therapies, and these therapies may be even more effective in a well-nourished individual. Even children who already eat a relatively healthy diet are likely to benefit from nutritional therapy. The benefits that most parents report including better focus and concentration and improved sleep, along with reduced sugar cravings, fewer coughs and colds, and a healthier digestive system (fewer tummy aches, constipation, bloating etc).